Occurrence of Gold

1rmine8Gold is one of the world’s most precious metals. It is called a “noble metal” because it does not react with air under ordinary conditions. Gold is deposited from solutions containing dissolved gold. There are two main types of gold deposits. When gold is found at the place where it was formed, the deposit is called a primary deposit, or lode deposit. When gold is transported from its primary location by wind, water, ice, or gravity, it is called a secondary deposit or a placer deposit. In a placer deposit, gold can be found as clumps (nuggets), small particles, or gold dust. Gold is very heavy and usually does not travel very far from its source. Miners often find placer gold in streams, and pan their way up the stream until they reach the lode deposit. Much of the gold produced in mining is mined from placers.

 

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